The cat flea is the most common pest flea that we encounter on cats, dogs, and wildlife. Even homes without pets can have loafing wildlife which can cause problems requiring flea control indoors.
These pests are parasitic in nature and feed on blood, which they suck from their preferred host. They have powerful legs that allow them to jump 100 times their own height and a compressed body shape that allows them to easily crawl through the fur of their host, making our flea removal methods crucial in early stages.
Fleas undergo a full metamorphosis. Eggs are laid on a host, but easily fall off onto carpets, furniture, cracks and crevices where they hatch into worm-like larvae and then develop into immobile pupae. The pupal stage, which is akin to the cocoon of a butterfly, can remain dormant for weeks or months when no hosts are around to ensure its survival. However, when the pupa is stimulated by a vibration or change in temperature that indicates a potential host is near, the adult flea emerges from its dormancy and immediately jumps to obtain a blood meal. So, vacating a home for some time to “starve out” the fleas rarely works—they just patiently wait for your return.